WILLIAM ECHOLS, Union County. Kane became Illinois' first Secretary of State and then a United States Senator from Illinois. ANDREW BANKSON, Washington Co. WILLIS HARGRAVE, White Co. WILLIAM M'HENRY, ISHAM HARRISON, Franklin Cou'ty. Article V of the Illinois Constitution of 1848 established a Supreme Court of 3 judges with 2 of the 3 constituting a quorum. 1818 Constitution The first Illinois Constitution was written during the summer of 1818 at a convention in Kaskaskia on the banks of the Mississippi River. Q. Six trustees and a village president. Price $0.95 each, any quantity. 1. 1848. Background: On April 18, 1818, President James Monroe signed legislation known as the Enabling Act, which laid out the requirements for Illinois to become a state. Illinois has been governed under four constitutions, enacted in 1818, 1848, 1870 and 1970. Article IV of the new Constitution described the judicial system. ARTICLE I - BILL OF RIGHTS. Q. The 1818 Illinois Constitution created three branches of government, just like the U.S. Constitution--legislative, executive, and judicial. The following excerpt on the constitution is from Illinois in 1818 [click here for more information] by Solon Buck. ". What is the North geographic boundary of Illinois? N. CULLOM, ADOLPHUS F'D'K HUBBARD. The Illinois Senate is the upper chamber of the Illinois General Assembly, the legislative branch of the government of the State of Illinois in the United States.The body was created by the first state constitution adopted in 1818. The Document: The 1818 State Constitution consists of eight articles and was modeled after the state constitutions of New York, Kentucky and Ohio. To carry these out, states have set up state constitutions. ARTICLE VIII - FINANCE. Springfield. To some degree it ... form in each of Illinois’ four Constitutions (1818, 1848, 1870, and 1970). ARTICLE IX - REVENUE. Key Concepts: Terms in this set (52) Name the Capitols of Illinois. All white male U.S. citizens who had resided in the Illinois Territoryfor at least six months prior to the election, or whom were otherwise qualified to vote for representation, were permitted to vote. Illinois became a state on December 3, 1818. The 1st Supreme Court judges were to ride circuit until their term expired in 1824 and, with the exception of these first judges, all judicial tenure was based on good behavior. It also required that taxes on each category had to be uniform. It must have been a great event for the quaint old town of Kaskaskia when the constitutional convention assembled on the first Monday in August 1818. To view the full text version of the 1818 constitution, click here (offsite link) Illinois became a state in April 1818. It established the state's bicameral legislative system and a provided for a governor and lieutenant governor to be elected every four years. 3. Q. 5. The first Illinois Constitution was written in the year 1818 and has had three more since then with the third and currently used one was adopted in 1970, and it has been revised with no drastic changes. THOMAS ROBERTS, Attest, WM. three. The legislative branch or the General Assembly of Illinois has two houses. The U.S. Constitution gives certain responsibilities to the states. Illinois has had four state constitutions in its nearly 200-year history: 1. 1818. Judge Jesse Thomas, who was to become one of Illinois' first two United States Senators, served as president of the convention. From 1818 until 1848, Illinois went through a time of rapid growth and development. HEZEKIAH WEST, Johnson County SAMUEL G. MORSE, WILLIAM M'FATRIDGE. To address the State’s growing revenue problems, the proposed revision included a provision f… 1827. ORIGINAL CONSTITUTION OF ILLINOIS AUGUST 26, 1818 -The Illinois constitutional convention, meeting at Kaskaskia, adopted a state constitution and selected Kaskaskia as the first state capital. CALDWELL CAIRNS, Monroe County JAMES LEMON, jr. ENOCH MOORE. ARTICLE IV - THE LEGISLATURE. No person or persons, conscientiously scrupulous of bearing arms, shall be compelled to do militia duty in time of peace, provi… When the fourth Illinois Constitution was established Number of amendments that the Illinois Constitution has The year in which Illinois became a state Includes Illinois state symbols, review questions, Illinois legislative map, a review of the Illinois Bicentennial (1818-2018) and student activities to make for an interesting read. ... 1818, 1848, 1870, 1970. THE people of the Illinois territory, having the right of admission into the general government as a member of the Union, consistent with the constitution of the United States, the ordinance of congress of 1787, and the law of congress approved April 18th , 1818, entitled "An act to enable the people of the Illinois territory to form a constitution and state government, and for the admission of such state into the Union, on an equal footing with the original states, and for other purposes;" in order to establish justice, promote the welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to themselves and their posterity, do by their representatives in convention, ordain and establish the following constitution or form of government; and do mutually agree with each other to form themselves into a free and independent state, by the name of the State of Illinois. Adopted at Kaskaskia in convention, August 26, 1818. Illinois became a state in 1818 and had to have its own constitution before it could become a state. B[ENJ]. No person or persons conscientiously scrupulous of bearing arms shall be compelled to do militia duty in time of peace, provi… The Illinois Constitution of 1818 was modeled after the United States Constitution and written in Kaskasia, Illinois, the state's first capital. This initial constitution, required for Illinois to become a U.S. state, was modeled after the U.S. Constitution. In Congress, 34 members of the House voted against admitting Illinois to the Union because they believed the Constitution did not go far enough to prohibit slavery. Sect. The challenge of the prairies slowed emigration into the region; when Illinois was granted statehood in 1818, the population was only about 35,000, and most of … The term of office of the Governor of Illinois is. A Supreme Court of four judges was established, and 3 of the 4 Supreme Court judges constituted a quorum. 1818 Map of Illinois 1833 Map of Illinois; Illinois became a state in April 1818. 1818. In testimony whereof, we have hereunto subscribed our names: History of the Constitutions --Ordinance of 1787 --Act of Congress, May 7, 1800 --Act of Congress, February 3, 1809 --Act of Congress, April 18, 1818 --Ordinance of 1818 --Constitution of 1818 --Constitution of 1848 --Constitution of 1870 --Table of Cases --Index to Constitution of 1870. ARTICLE II - THE POWERS OF THE STATE. Until the Great Depression, Illinois relied on a statewide property tax for most of its revenue. Artifact Content (a transcription from the historical document or compilation) ever after the aforesaid period, the justices of the supreme court shall be commissioned during good behavior, and the justices thereof shall not hold circuit courts unless required by law. That the general, great and essential principles of liberty and free government may be recognized and unalterably established, we declare: Done in convention at Kaskaskia, the twenty-sixth day of August, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and eighteen, and of the Independence of the United States of America, the forty-third. It established the three branches of government - the legislative, executive, and judicial - their roles, and defined the state's official boundaries and first capital. ARTICLE XI - ENVIRONMENT. Constitution of the State of Illinois, 1818, Page 14 ADVERTISEMENT . municipality. C. GREENUP, Secretary to the Convention, https://en.wikisource.org/w/index.php?title=Illinois_Constitution_of_1818&oldid=10258325, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. STEPHENSON, Madison County. JOHN WHITEAKER, LEVI COMPTON. The main topics of the election were whether it was sensible to have a constitution at that time and, if so, wh… THOS. 1814. The Illinois House of Representatives is the lower house of the Illinois General Assembly, the bicameral legislature of the U.S. state of Illinois.The body was created by the first Illinois Constitution adopted in 1818. Illinois had 15 counties at the time … JOHN MESSINGER, St.Clair County. The Illinois Constitution of 1870 contained a revenue article that authorized taxes on four categories: property, privileges, franchises and certain occupations. Following elections in July, 33 delegates met in the territorial capital of Kaskaskia on Monday, August 3, 1818, to begin drafting a state Constitution. Thirty years later, the second Illinois State Constitution still denied suffrage to women [2]. President of the convention and representative from the county of St. Clair. Wisconsin. § 2. The militia of the state of Illinois shall consist of all free male ablebodied persons (negroes, mulattoes and Indians excepted,) residents of the state, between the ages of 18 and 45 years, except such persons as now are or hereafter may be exempted by the laws of the United States or of this state, and shall be armed, equipped and trained as the general assembly may provide by law. KIRKPATRICK, Bond County. Series Title: Illinois State Historical Library. The Illinois Constitutional Convention of 1818. In 1818 the Illinois State Constitution extended citizenship to all white men over the age of twenty-one years [1]. An election for delegates to a state constitutional convention was scheduled for July 6, 1818. They are treated The Document: The 1818 State Constitution consists of eight articles and was modeled after the state constitutions of New York, Kentucky and Ohio. 19._____The Illinois Constitution does not have a bill of rights in it. What year did Illinois become a State? Delegates approved the new Constitution on August 26, 1818. The 1848 constitution was created to meet Illinois' growing population a… ARTICLE III - SUFFRAGE AND ELECTIONS. GEORGE FISHER, Randolph County. SETH GARD, Edwards County. Note: The 1818 Illinois Constitution is one of four state Constitutions Illinois has had. 2. (1)Kaskaskia, (2)Vandalia, (3)Springfield. A new constitution, designed to replace the 1870 governing document, was presented to voters in 1922. 18._____The Illinois Constitution was based off of the U.S. Constitution. This page was last edited on 14 June 2020, at 07:12. Name the dates of the Illinois Constitutions. What constitutions has Illinois had? Congress did not, however, require that this charter be submitted to the Illinois electorate for adoption. Text of the Constitution of the State of Illinois 1848, excerpted from: Compilation of all the general laws concerning real estate and the title thereto, in the State of Illinois 1849, p. 63-106. CLICK HERE to view the actual signatures. The Constitution was not submitted to the voters but became operative when Congress approved statehood. SAMUEL OMELVANY, Pope County ELIAS KENT KANE, HAMLET FERGUSON. CONRAD WILL, Jackson County. JOSEPH KITCHELL, Crawford Co. LEONARD WHITE, ED. The constitution is available at the Illinois State Archives as part of Secretary of State Record Series 103.012, "First Constitution of Illinois. Page Flip View : View Image & Text: Download: small (250x250 max) medium (500x500 max) ... Illinois Constitution: Illinois Firefighter Line of Duty Deaths Digital Image Collection: Illinois Historic Aerial Photographs, 1936-1941: It also severely limited the powers of the governor and set aside land in every township for schools. 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