Some Benefits of Trees. The tree likes Sun to half-shade at the location and the soil should be dry to moist soils. Main American species of birch. Appearing from April to May, male catkins are long and yellow-brown in colour. Factoring in the many species of birch made available for flooring, there are three that you’ll typically come across: Paper birch; Yellow birch; and Sweet birch. Scientific Name: Betula uber. Paper birch (Betula papyrifera) is the softest birch wood flooring, scoring a 910 on the Janka scale, and … Follow cultural practices that will create conditions conducive to tree survival. Within each Tree Type category you can click on the tree picture to enlarge the tree photo to full size. 3. Average Dried Weight: 40 lbs/ft 3 (640 kg/m 3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC):.50, .64. Betula lenta (sweet birch, also known as black birch, cherry birch, mahogany birch, or spice birch) is a species of birch native to eastern North America, from southern Maine west to southernmost Ontario, and south in the Appalachian Mountains to northern Georgia. The Black Birch is botanically called Betula lenta . Downy birch is monoecious, meaning both male and female flowers (catkins) are found on the same tree. But it would likely do best in conditions similar to those preferred by other native birches, particularly the Sweet Birch. Facts on the Sweet Gum Tree. The Yellow Birch is unique in that its twigs emit a wintergreen smell when cut. Scientific Name / Common Name / Susceptibility ... Betula lenta / sweet birch, ... more susceptible to attack, so maintaining a vigorous, healthy tree will help prevent any infestation. River Birch does well in all but the driest soil. The simple leaves may be toothed or pointed. Sweet Birch Essential Oil Uses and Benefits. Or select here to go a specific tree's page. In the past, this tree was used to produce wintergreen oil, but after the invention of artificial oils this practice has stopped, it still makes a hearty tea though. A recognized form … Trees are the backbone of any good landscape plan. The scientific name for this tree is Betula Lenta, often called Sweet Birch. The scientific name for this particular tree is Betula Pendula. The Blue Birch is botanically called Betula caerulea. The leaves are oval-shaped with a finely toothed edge and a slender tip. Select species Betula alleghaniensis, Yellow Birch Betula lenta, Sweet Birch Betula nigra, River Birch Betula occidentalis, Water Birch Betula papyrifera, Paper Birch Interestingly, the average longevity is approximately 150 years and the maximum longevity is over 300 years. The common name of this plant in Spanish is Abedul. The paper birch, known as a white birch, silver birch, or canoe birch, rarely lives more than 140 years. Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). Height: to 80 feet. Native to the eastern US, Quebec and Ontario. A birch is a thin-leaved deciduous hardwood tree of the genus Betula (/ ˈ b ɛ tj ʊ l ə /), in the family Betulaceae, which also includes alders, hazels, and hornbeams.It is closely related to the beech-oak family Fagaceae.The genus Betula contains 30 to 60 known taxa of which 11 are on the IUCN 2011 Red List of Threatened Species. Genus name comes from the Latin words liquidus meaning liquid and ambar meaning amber as two species produce a fragrant resin. Trunk bark … Sweet birch, also commonly referred to as black birch or cherry birch, was at one time the only source of oil of wintergreen. It also goes by the name Sweet Birch and Cherry Birch, but in botanical circles is actually called Betula Lenta. Tree Size: 65-100 ft (20-30 m) tall, 1-2 ft (.3-.6 m) trunk diameter. It is very similar to Sweet Birch, but easily distinguished by its bark. We have listed them by scientific name because it is a constant and does not vary region to region or person to person. Possibly 5 - 7. The other type of birch tree that is used to make essential oil is known as the Black Birch. The leaves are ovoid and the flowers are yellow. The Betula Alleghaniensis is commonly known as the Gray Birch, Silver Birch, Swamp Birch as well as Yellow Birch.. To search for photos of these plants, check the UC Berkeley CalPhotos: Plants site.. The currently accepted scientific name of yellow birch is Betula alleghaniensis Britt. Toxicity Class (third column in table below). Distribution: Europe and southwest Asia. It is the aroma of wintergreen emanating from crushed leaves and broken twigs to which this birch owes its common name, sweet birch. Birch oil originates from the Birch tree which has a scientific name of Betula lenta. It is a medium-sized deciduous tree that thrives in well drained, sandy loams on cool moist sites and is primarily noted and praised for its beautiful white bark. If ingested, immediately call the Poison Control Center -- (800) 222-1222 -- or your doctor. Common in the wild, it is rarely offered in nurseries. Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae – Plants Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants Class Janka Hardness: 1,210 lb f (5,360 N) Modulus of Rupture: 16,570 lb f /in 2 (114.3 MPa) Birch species are generally small to medium-size trees or shrubs, mostly of temperate climates. First is the name of the organism's genus and then the name of the organism's species. Stems with a brownish-white bark. Sweet Birch is long-lived as birches go, known to reach over 250 years. Black birch or sweet birch (Betula lenta) American birch species to 23 m in height. The common name of sweet gum refers to an aromatic balsam or gum that exudes from wounds to the tree. Major Toxicity: These plants may cause serious illness or death. Salicylic acid, betulenol, betulin, and methyl salicylate are the main constituents of birch essential oil. Betula Lenta Sweet Birch, Cherry Birch, Black Birch. Facts about the tree types can be found at the bottom of each tree page. The scientific name of an organism is comprised of the two most specific parts of the organism's taxonomy. These two Birches will out-perform River Birch in dry locations, and Sweet Birch has phenomenal fall color and glossy copper stems in youth. One of the largest hardwoods in northeastern North America, the Yellow Birch tree is the most frequently used birch … Search all North American native Birch species here. Type of Tree Facts . Although there are many varieties of birch across the globe, most birch in the United States comes from the yellow birch tree, also known by the scientific name Betula alleghaniensis Britt. The scientific name of Birch is the botanical name or formal name. The tree is additionally known as sweet birch, cherry birch, black birch, spice birch and mahogany birch. The sweet birch tree and wintergreen plant produce an essential oil that is closely identical in aroma and chemical composition. The tree sap is used as a tonic for skin, muscle and joint issues. The tree likes Sun to half-shade at the location and the soil should be undemanding. More information about Swamp Birch may be found here.. Common Name: sweet birch Scientific Name: Family: Betulaceae Genus: Betula Species: lenta Hardiness Zone: 4 to 7 Height: 40 to 55 ft Width: 35 to 45 ft Description: Like most birch trees, the sweet birch is susceptible to many pests and pathogens (such as leaf miners, aphids, and cankers) but unlike many of the others, it is resistant to bronze birch borer. Latin (scientific) name: Betula papyrifera Common English name: White birch Other names: Paper birch, canoe birch French name: Bouleau à papier When we can look past our white-bark obsession, we'll notice a couple other Birches worthy of consideration: Sweet Birch and Yellow Birch. Names. Minor Toxicity: Ingestion of these plants may cause minor illnesses such as vomiting or diarrhea. . Specific epithet means flowing storax. They hang in groups of two to four at the tips of shoots, like lambs' tails; while female catkins are … The leaves are ovoid and the flowers are yellow. Reaches 12 m in height. In the 19th Century the species was classified as B. lutea, from the Latin lutum for ‘yellow’. It is named for its bark, which resembles that of the domestic Sweet Cherry (Prunus avium), a tree that is known to escape from cultivation in … Scientific Name: Betula pendula. Scientific Name: Betula lenta The Sweet Birch thrives high in the mountains, often in dry, difficult conditions. Birch is of two types, the silver birch or white birch whose scientific name is Betula pendula, and the cherry birch, sweet birch, or black birch whose scientific name is Betula lenta. The Cherry Birch is a medium-sized deciduous tree that grows up to 20 metres tall. The white-barked birch trees are more susceptible to bronze birch borer attacks than species without white bark (River Birch, Heritage River Birch, Yellow Birch, Sweet Birch); see Table 1. Common Names: Virginia Roundleaf Birch, Roundleaf Birch, Ashe Birch Plant Type: Small to mid-size tree Height: 20 - 40 feet Cultivation Zones: Uncertain. Common Name(s): Silver Birch. There are over 20,000 different kinds of trees in the world. The name ‘birch’ itself is derived from an old Teutonic word. Welcome to the Birch family A-Z list. Other Information. Birch is the name of a certain tree of the genus Betula, in the family Betulaceae, closely related to the beech/oak family, Fagaceae. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be up to 25 m (82 ft) high. Alaska birch (Betula neoalaskana): birch that grows in the interior areas of Alaska and Canada. Yellow Birch is one of the largest of the eastern hardwoods. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be up to 20 m (66 ft) high. Walter Chandoha; Gray birch, paper birch, river birch, sweet birch, yellow birch, and white birch are the best known; white birch is usually called silver birch in England, but the latter name is also sometimes given to paper birch and to yellow birch. 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